15 AUGUST 194715 AUGUST 1947

The date was 14 August 1947. It was twelve o’clock at night! The dawn of independence on 15 August 1947 was about to happen! More than half of the world’s population was asleep! And at that time that golden chapter of India’s independence was being written! For which we were waiting for many years! It was a pleasure to be free from the British rule! In everyone’s eyes only those golden moments of independent India were visible, which had been kept in captivity by the British for the last many years!

That night of 14th August 1947 which changed the history, geography, future and many other parameters of India. That night was the night of freedom! It was raining heavily in Delhi since the evening of 14th August. Around 5 lakh people had gathered at Rai Sinha Hills by 9 o’clock in the night. It was still raining!

15 August 1947
15 August 1947

15 August 1947. First speech of Independence.

Sardar Patel, Jawaharlal Nehru, Dr. Rajendra Prasad and Mountbatten reached the Viceroy’s House, Delhi at around ten o’clock in the night. There were only a few moments left for twelve o’clock in the night of 14 August 1947! Then the country’s first Prime Minister Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru started his discourse by saying two lines!
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This speech is known as A Tryst With Destiny (a meeting with destiny). The Prime Minister’s speech begins with these words! “We made a promise to destiny and now the time has come to fulfill our promise! Not completely, but very substantially, at twelve o’clock tonight, when the whole world sleeps, India will rise with a new dawn of life and freedom!” At last, that dark night, English Rule ended and with the first ray of sun that golden morning of freedom came!

Twelve o’clock in a few minutes and this day of 15th August _ Independence Day _ brought happiness for India! After one hundred and ninety years, the country became independent from the British rule! But with these joys there was equally sorrow. Because India had lost its entire area of one million forty-six thousand seven hundred and thirty-eight square kilometers and about eight crore fifteen lakh people in a single night! The country was divided into two pieces – Hindustan and Pakistan!

Why was the day of 15 August 1947 chosen for India’s independence?

The end of the British rule had started long before 15th August! A new revolution started in the country with the mass movement of Mahatma Gandhi! So, another, Subhash Chandra Bose’s Azad Hind Fauj had made life difficult for the British! Above all, after the Second World War, the British Government did not even have the strength to rule India now! That’s why Mountbatten was made the last Viceroy of India, so that the country could be officially given independence. The British also had a plan to divide India ultimately not in one piece but in two!

Why was August 15 chosen as the day for independence? So it is such that not only Indians used to believe in auspicious and inauspicious, but the British also used to believe in the same way! Mountbatten believed that August 15 was an auspicious day, because on August 15, 1945, Japan accepted refuge in the Second World War and its official signs were on September 2! That’s why according to Mountbatten, the day of August 15 was auspicious for the Allies. Then why was the time fixed at 12 o’clock in the night only? So, for these Indian astrologers believed that that time is auspicious for the independence of the country.
Full name Albert Victor Nicholas Louis Francis Mountbatten

It was decided that Pandit Nehru had to finish his speech before midnight. And at 12 o’clock in the night Indian democracy will begin with conch shells! That’s exactly what happened! Pandit Nehru and his cabinet took the oath of office and secrecy at 8.30 am on 15th August. The sky was absolutely clear in the morning after the continuous rain of the night. People were eagerly waiting to see with their own eyes the flag of free India waving!

15 August 1947. Jawaharlal Nehru hoisted the country’s Tricolor.

Jawaharlal Nehru first hoisted the country’s tricolor in the Parliament Central Hall at 12 o’clock in the night. And for the second time at 8:30 in the morning, the grand national flag was hoisted in front of the public by taking down the British national flag! There were tears of happiness in the eyes of the countrymen.

Departure of the British from India!

After independence, the Britishers did not leave the country together on 15th August itself! Some of the top officers of independent India also remained British for some time! The first team of 1500 British soldiers left for their country on 17 August 1947. So the last team left on August 27, 1948! Friends, the surprising thing is that the robbers British have come as guests of our country, in that way they were sent off! When his last army left the port of Mumbai, a song to bid farewell to George V was played with band baaja.

One hundred and ninety years before independence Umichand and Mir Jafar had welcomed Robert clive with similar respect and then what happened? Battle of Plassey and 190 years of slavery, still we Indians did not improve! Isn’t it?

15 August 1947. Morning of Freedom!

India did not become independent just like that! Rather, many heroes sacrificed their lives to get the golden dawn of freedom! But as much as we were enjoying freedom, on the other hand such a painful story had knocked on our doorstep! That was the line of partition between India and Pakistan. That line divided India and Pakistan into two different parts. And this was such a streak for which thousands of people paid with their lives! And crores of people were forced to leave their settled homes.

A few months ago, the countrymen who were fighting together like brothers against the British rule, had become bloodthirsty enemies of each other because of the streak of partition! Humanity has completely disappeared in this displacement of partition!

It is said that nine days before August 15, 1947, 60 Muslims were killed in Amritsar. Just two days after this i.e. on 6th August 1947, 74 Sikhs were massacred near Ludhiana Ferozepur Road, Jalalabad. Within the first week of August 1947, the land of Amritsar had turned red due to bloodshed! And everyday more than hundred people were paying the price of partition by losing their lives! That painful story cannot be seen today, but that moment can definitely be felt!

15 August 1947. Terrible state of partition!

48 hours before independence of 15 August 1947 i.e. on 13th August, a train leaves from Lahore to Amritsar! Not a single living person reached Amritsar in this train that started from Mughalpura station of Lahore! 43 Hindu Sikhs were put to death even before they could catch the train! When Punjab was burning in the flames of Partition, at that time Pakistan Special train leaves for Pakistan from Delhi Railway Station in which government employees and their families going to Pakistan were present! The Pakistan Special was given a grand send-off from Delhi! But as soon as this train reached Patiala, for the first time a train was attacked and a woman and a child were killed. And when the news of this reached Lahore and Karachi, they took revenge from the first train coming to Amritsar!

When that train from Pakistan reached Amritsar railway station, there was not a single living person in it! This train, red with blood everywhere, was narrating the accident that had happened to it! Everywhere one could see there was a pile of dead bodies. Someone’s hand was chopped off and someone’s head. The train stained with the blood of these innocent people was enough to tell how painful the Partition was! The train that arrived from Pakistan on the evening of 15 August 1947, at Amritsar railway station, only dead bodies were present inside that train! And everyone was surprised to see what was written on the last compartment of the train. A leaflet was hidden on the last compartment of that train! On which it was written that this is the gift of freedom for Patel and Nehru!

After this, people started getting killed in the trains coming from both sides. Somewhere in which innocent people were sacrificed! Thousands of people had to leave their homes overnight and migrate to India! While many thousands of people from India had to leave their homes and go towards Pakistan! Many sisters and daughters were raped & killed! The trains connecting the borders have become living coffins for thousands of people! This partition is considered a very dark chapter in human history. Even today when we hear about it, a kind of shivering gets created in the body!

15 August 1947 and Mohammad Ali Jinnah.

It is said that Mohammad Ali Jinnah had the biggest role in the partition of India and Pakistan! If Mohammad Ali Jinnah had not been in politics, then probably there would have been a different agreement! And today’s Pakistan would not have happened! Mohammad Ali Jinnah wanted to become the first Prime Minister of India. Then Jinnah felt that I cannot become the Prime Minister of the whole of India, but certainly of Pakistan! And then the same thing happened! June 3, 1947 is the same date on which the date of India’s independence was fixed, and Mohammad Ali Jinnah’s stubbornness to separate Pakistan was also fulfilled!

15 August 1947 and Partition.

Now there were seventy three days left! In these days, the distribution of land, the distribution of people, the distribution of money deposited in India, along with this the gold bricks lying in the treasury of the Reserve Bank, everything had to be distributed! Which was not that easy either! This work of distribution was handed over to two experienced officers. Their names were HM Patel (HM PATEL) and Chaudhary Mohammad Ali! Both of them were playing an important role in the partition. There were many petty officers working under him too, who were sending different reports to him. On the basis of these reports, both these officers used to prepare the recommendation of partition, which was further sent to the Partition Council, which was headed by Lord Mountbatten.

How did the partition of 15 August 1947 happen?

The money was distributed in such a way that only 17.5% of the money lying in Indian banks and the money received from the British would be given to Pakistan! And in return, Pakistan will repay 17.5% of India’s debt! Apart from this, eighty percent of the big movable property in the government offices of India was fixed for India and twenty percent for Pakistan. Then everything lying in these offices was divided. Tables, chairs and typewriters were even counted and divided between India and Pakistan. There were even fights at many places to distribute all these things among themselves.

Apart from this, there was a fight between these two countries regarding the big books in the library of India. Encyclopedia Britannica was divided into India and Pakistan in such a way that the first section was given to India and then the second section to Pakistan. Even the big dictionary of the library was torn in half and divided into India and Pakistan. One by one everything was divided between India and Pakistan. But India’s intelligence department was not shared with Pakistan. On this, the Home Department of India has foresight decided that there will be no reduction in the Intelligence Department of India! And his officers remained adamant that leave at least one file of this department, we will not let even Ink of it, to go to Pakistan!

Along with this, Pakistan did not have a press machine to print the currency note and at that time India also had only one press machine for printing the currency. And India refused to give that press machine to Pakistan! After which Pakistan put its stamp on Indian notes and used them as currency! Apart from this, there was another important division, that of the Indian Army, in which Hindus, Muslims and Sikhs were all. Two-thirds of the soldiers of the Indian Army were to come in the part of India and one-third of the soldiers in the part of Pakistan. Like other things, the distribution of these brave warriors was also fixed!

Friends, this 15 August 1947 partition had brought a very painful story. Tears well up in our eyes when we hear this story even today, in which millions of people were forced to leave their homes! Was this division right or wrong? Do let us know your feedback via comment!

15 August 1947. Who demarcated the line dividing India and Pakistan?

Britain had appointed Cyril John Radcliffe as the chairman of the Boundary Commission to demarcate the geographical boundaries between India and Pakistan. The demarcation line was published on August 17, 1947 to become effective! It is strongly believed that Radcliffe had absolutely no idea about the culture as well as the geographical distribution facts of the then India. He was also not aware of the religion-based population density in different regions of India. Also, he had little time to determine the boundaries of such a large area. It is believed that a payment of Rs 40,000 was fixed at that time to get this activity done in the best possible way.

Sardar Patel had given enough important information to Radcliffe to make a better plan. However, unfortunately that was not understood properly by Radcliffe. Although the parameters of the demarcation were finalized on 9 and 12 August, but to maintain secrecy and peace, it was published after the actual partition. Many people could not come to know about their homeland for many days. It is said that Radcliffe was very apprehensive about the job, and he left India on 15 August 1947 without informing everyone about his departure. While leaving India, he had burnt all the documents /information / data on the basis of which he had demarcated, so that no clue could be found as to how he had partitioned. His appointment as joint chairman of the two boundary commissions has always been a big question mark.

The geopolitical boundary dividing India and Pakistan is now known as the Radcliffe Line. The western side of the line is known as the India-Pakistan border and its eastern side as the India-Bangladesh border. The Indo-Pak border is one of the most heavily guarded international borders in the world. At present there are only five crossing points on the 2900-kilometer-long border. Wagah Border: This is the most famous and most prominent border crossing point between India and Pakistan. This place is located 32 km from Amritsar (India) and 24 km from Lahore (Pakistan).

Why is 14th August the Independence Day of Pakistan, why not 15th August?

It is very important to note that Pakistan separated from Independent India and not as a separate independent country from British rule. So, it is quite clear that Pakistan’s Independence Day is 15 August 1947 only. Although there are some different facts and theories related to 14th August, let us understand them as well.

The first is the fact that Lord Mountbatten was keen to participate in the independence celebrations of both the countries. Hence, on 14 August all administrative details were transferred to Pakistan to save time and ease. This was mainly for his convenience to manage India’s independence on some other day i.e., 15 August 1947. Second fact – August 14, 1947 was the 27th day of Ramzan, which is considered a holy day in Islam. According to many people these two facts are the reasons why Pakistan celebrates independence on 14th August as against actual date of 15 August 1947.

Let us understand one more fact on the basis of some reliable facts. India’s time zone is half an hour ahead of Pakistan’s. India got independence on 15th August 1947 at 12 midnight i.e. 00:00 time/hour. In this way, when Pakistan got independence from India, at that time it was 23:30 on the night of 14 August 1947 i.e. 11:30 in the night. Because Pakistan was a part of independent India, East Pakistan got independence in 1971 which is today’s Bangladesh. And West Pakistan, which is today’s Pakistan, became independent. This is the reason why Pakistan is celebrating its independence on 14 August 1947, a day ahead of India’s independence!

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१. मोना लिसा पेंटिंग के २६ आश्चर्यजनक तथ्य. क्या आप जानते हैं?
२. ब्रह्माण्ड के १० रहस्य और शक्तियाँ, क्या आप जानते हैं?
३. टाइटैनिक का अंत महासागर के तल पर कैसे हुआ?
४. उमंगोट नदी-भारत के स्वच्छ नदी के बारेमें क्या आप जानते है?
५. क्या आप हिंदुस्तानके स्वामिभक्त “शुभ्रक” घोड़े के बारे में जानते है ?
६. “माना” – भारत का पहला गांव। ये अद्भुत बातें, क्या आपको पता है?
७. दूध हैं एक आकर्षक प्राकृतिक शेविंग क्रीम विकल्प। जानिए इसके अनोखे फ़ायदोंको !

List of movies on 15th August Independence Day that can ignite the patriotism in you!

1. Uri:- Aditya Dhar’s Uri starring Vicky Kaushal, Kirti Kulhari and Yami Gautam will ignite a sense of nationalism in you. The 2019 film is based on the surgical strike that was carried out in Pakistan in retaliation for the 2016 Uri attack in Kashmir.
2. Lakshya:- Directed by Farhan Akhtar, the film is based on the events during the 1999 Kargil War. Hrithik Roshan played the lead role, while Preity Zinta was paired opposite him. Amitabh Bachchan was also seen in an important role in this.

3. Raazi :- Keep your country above everything, including yourself, this is what Alia Bhatt starrer Raazi depicts. Based on Harinder Sikka’s novel Calling Sehmat, the film traces how an Indian spy (Bhatt) marries a Pakistani army officer (Vicky Kaushal) before the Indo-Pak war in 1971. The song ‘Ae Watan’ from the film will instill a sense of pride and patriotism.
4. Chak De India:- Shimit Amin’s film tells the story of a former hockey captain, Kabir Khan, played by Shah Rukh Khan, who trains the Indian women’s hockey team for the World Championship despite being called a traitor, and the team Women’s Hockey World Cup brings victory!

5. Rang De Basanti:- Aamir Khan‘s lead film Rang De Basanti won millions of hearts. Soha Ali Khan in Rakesh Om Prakash Mehra’s film, R. There was a stellar cast including Madhavan, Sharman Joshi, Kunal Kapoor and Alice Patton.
6. Sardar Udham Singh:- Sardar Udham Singh starring Vicky Kaushal tells the story of a lesser-known Indian revolutionary who killed Michael O’Dwyer, the former lieutenant governor of Punjab, to avenge the Jallianwala Bagh massacre.

7. 1971:- A group of Indian prisoners of war came to know about the strategic position of Pakistan and the devious tricks of the media, they decided to risk their lives and escaped. One of the thrilling patriotic movies! Manoj Bajpayee / Ravi Kishan in the lead role!
8. 83:- Based on the Indian national cricket team led by Kapil Dev, which won the 1983 Cricket World Cup, this is a true sports drama film! Written and Directed by Kabir Khan, starring Ranveer Singh, Deepika Padukone and others! Produced by Reliance Entertainment.

9. Deewaar: This movie was released in 2004. It depicts a group of Indian soldiers captured during the Indo-Pak war. The film is a rescue mission for all those captives. Amitabh Bachchan, Sanjay Dutt, Akshaye Khanna, Kay Kay Menon, Amrita Rao, Tanuja and many more can be seen in this thriller film.
10. Based on the real-life Indo-Pakistani War of 1971 and the true events of the Battle of Longewala, Border was released in 1997 and was directed by JP Dutta. A group of 120 Indian soldiers guard their post in the Longewala sector throughout the night until they receive support from the Indian Air Force the next morning. The film starred Sunny Deol, Akshaye Khanna, Jackie Shroff, Sunil Shetty, Puneet Issar, Sharbani Mukherjee, Pooja Bhatt, Sudesh Berry and many more.

11. Gadar Ek Prem Katha:- This is a love story during the partition. In this, horrific incidents have been shown with women including partition, religious quarrels between the people of the two countries, train massacre! This 2001 release film was a huge hit in terms of songs too! Sunny Deol, Ameesha Patel, Amrish Puri played the lead roles.
12. Gadar 2 :- This film is considered to be the sequel of Gadar – Ek Prem Katha! During the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971, Tara Singh returned to Pakistan to bring his son Charanjit back home. The release date of this movie is 11 August 2023. Sunny Deol, Ameesha Patel, Utkarsh Sharma, Simrat Kaur, Manish Wadhwa and others have played their roles beautifully.

Detailed List of Prime Minister in India since 15 August 1947.

Sr. No. Name of Prime MinisterOffice Period with dateRemarks
1.Shri. Jawaharlal NehruFrom 15 August 1947 to 27 May 1964. 16 years, 286 daysFirst Prime Minister of India and longest serving Prime Minister.
2.Shri. Gulzari Lal NandaFrom 27 May 1964 to 9 June 1964. 13 days.The first caretaker prime minister, the shortest serving prime minister.
3. Shri Lal Bahadur ShastriFrom 9 June 1964 to 11 January 1966. 1 year, 216 days.He gave the slogan “Jai Jawan Jai Kisan” during the Indo-Pakistani War in 1965.
(2).Shri. Gulzari Lal NandaFrom 11 Jan 1966 to 24 Jan 1966. 13 daysWas the Prime Minister for the shortest time.
5.Shrimati Indira GandhiFrom 24 January 1966 to 24 March 1977.
11 years, 59 days.
First woman prime minister of India.
6.Shri. Morarji DesaiFrom 24 March 1977 to 28 July 1979.
2 years, 126 days
Oldest (81 years) Prime Minister and first Prime Minister to resign from the post.
7.Shri. Charan SinghFrom 28 July 1979 to 14 January 1980.
170 days.
The only PM who did not face the Parliament for 170 days.
(5).Shrimati Indira GandhiFrom 14 January 1980 to 31 October 1984. 4 years, 291 daysFirst woman to hold the post of Prime Minister for the second time. Her bodyguard had fired bullets on her.
9. Shri. Rajiv GandhiFrom 31 October 1984 to 2 December 1989. 5 years, 32 daysYoungest Prime Minister (40 years). Unfortunately, he died in a human bomb blast.
10.Shri. Vishwanath Pratap SinghFrom 2 December 1989 to 10 November 1990. 343 daysFirst Prime Minister who left the post after the no-confidence motion was passed.
11.Shri. Chandrashekhar SinghFrom 10 November 1990 to 21 June 1991. 223 days.Belongs to Samajwadi Janata Party.
12.Shri. P. V. Narasimha RaoFrom 21 June 1991 to 16 May 1996. 4 years, 330 days.First Prime Minister from South India after independence!
13.Shri. Atal Bihari VajpayeeFrom 16 May 1996 to 1 June 1996. 16 daysThe government fell by only 1 vote. Belonged to the Bharatiya Janata Party.
14.Shri. H. D. Deve GowdaFrom 1 June 1996 to 21 April 1997. 324 days.Belonged to Janata Dal.
15.Shri. Inder Kumar GujralFrom 21 April 1997 to 19 March 1988. 332 days. Belonged to Janata Dal.
(16).Shri. Atal Bihari Vajpayee19 March 1998 to 22 May 2004 6 years, 64 days.
First non-Congress Prime Minister who completed the term.
17.Shri. Manmohan SinghFrom 22 May 2004 to 26 May 2014. 10 years, 2 days.India’s most educated prime minister. Along with this, he was also the most educated Prime Minister of the world.
18.Shri Narendra Damodardas ModiFrom 26 May 2014, till todayHe is the second Gujarati Prime Minister, first being Morarji. He is the fourth Prime Minister, who will complete the second consecutive term.
THIS LIST HAS BEEN PREPARED ON 10 AUG 2023.

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6 thought on “15 August 1947. What happened on that exceptional night?”
  1. chacha 420 nehru and m k gandh 840 were two sides of the same coin minted by mohammed ali jinnah 1680….the three killed mother India for paapistan. But the falsehood of paapistan and their leaders will back fire for their direct competition with syria and Afghanistan….who gets destroyed by own people beyond repair…and all this under name of religion!!

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